A multiwavelength investigation of the southern infrared dust bubble CS51 is presented in this paper. We probe the associated ionized, cold dust, molecular and stellar components. Radio continuum emission mapped at 610 and 1300 MHz, using the Giant Metrewave Radio Telescope, India, reveals the presence of three compact emission components (A, B, and C) apart from large-scale diffuse emission within the bubble interior. Radio spectral index map shows the co-existence of thermal and non-thermal emission components. Modified blackbody fits to the thermal dust emission using Herschel Photodetector Array Camera and Spectrometer and Spectral and Photometric Imaging Receiver data is performed to generate dust temperature and column density maps. We identify five dust clumps associated with CS51 with masses and radius in the range 810-4600 M⊙ and 1.0-1.9 pc, respectively. We further construct the column density probability distribution functions of the surrounding cold dust which display the impact of ionization feedback from high-mass stars. The estimated dynamical and fragmentation time-scales indicate the possibility of collect and collapse mechanism in play at the bubble border. Molecular line emission from the Millimeter Astronomy Legacy Team 90 GHz survey is used to understand the nature of two clumps which show signatures of expansion of CS51.