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Journal Paper

전체
TRAO Survey of the Nearby Filamentary Molecular Clouds, the Universal Nursery of Stars (TRAO FUNS). II. Filaments and Dense Cores in IC 5146
  • 2021-09-20
  • THE ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 919 1 : 3-1~3-32
We present the results on the physical properties of filaments and dense cores in IC 5146, as a part of the TRAO FUNS project. We carried out on-the-fly mapping observations using the Taeduk Radio Astronomy Observatory (TRAO) 14 m telescope covering about 1 square degree of the area of IC 5146 using various molecular lines. We identified 14 filaments (24 in total, including sub-filaments) from the C18O (1?0) data cube and 22 dense cores from the N2H+ (1?0) data. We examined the filaments’ gravitational criticality, turbulence properties, accretion rate from filaments to dense cores, and relative evolutionary stages of cores. Most filaments in IC 5146 are gravitationally supercritical within the uncertainty, and most dense cores are formed in them. We found that dense cores in the hubs show a systemic velocity shift of ∼0.3 km s?1 between the N2H+ and C18O gas. Besides, these cores are subsonic or transonic, while the surrounding filament gas is transonic or supersonic, indicating that the cores in the hubs are likely formed by the dissipation of turbulence in the colliding turbulent filaments and the merging is still ongoing. We estimated a mass accretion rate of 15?35 Msun Myr?1 from the filaments to the dense cores, and the required timescales to collect the current core mass are consistent with the lifetime of the dense cores. The structures of filaments and dense cores in the hub can form from a collision of turbulent converging flows, and mass flow along the filaments to the dense cores may play an important role in forming dense cores.