본문 바로가기 메뉴바로가기

Colloquium

Constraints on Near-Field Cosmology through Abundance Pattern Matching of Ultra Metal-Poor Stars

2018-10-11
  • Speaker : Dr. Vinicius Placco (University of Notre Dame)
  • Date : 2018-10-17 16:00 ~ 17:00
  • Location : JYS329
  • Host : Soung-Chul Yang

Ultra Metal-Poor (UMP) stars, with heavy metal abundances less than 1/10,000th that of the Sun, are formed from gas clouds polluted by the very first (Population III) stars to be born after the Big-Bang. These Pop. III stars are thought to be massive and short-lived, ending their lives in explosive events such as supernova type II. By studying the detailed chemical abundance patterns of UMP stars, it is possible to infer the main characteristics of their Pop. III progenitors, such as frequency, mass distribution, and explosion energies. In this talk, I will present a Monte Carlo approach to finding suitable stellar progenitors for UMP stars, based on the discovery of a new UMP star in the Galactic Halo. Results suggest that at least two types of progenitors are needed at the lowest metallicities, to account for the observed chemical abundances of UMP stars in the Milky Way. These results place important constraints on the initial mass function at early times, as well as models of the chemical evolution of the Galaxy and the Universe. I will also discuss the importance of a new observing effort, called J-PLUS (Javalambre Photometric Local Universe Survey), in selecting low-metallicity and carbon-enhanced stars, using narrow-band photometry and machine learning techniques.