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Colloquium

Detecting Strong Lenses and Measuring Time Delays From Unresolved Light Curves

2022-03-20
  • Speaker : Dr. Satadru Bag (KASI)
  • Date : 2022-03-23 10:30 ~ 11:30
  • Location : 온라인 진행 (Online)
  • Host : Arman Shafieloo

Strong gravitational lenses with variable sources, like supernovae (SNe), quasars (QSO), can be the next frontier in cosmic probes. Since the path differences between multiple images contain cosmological information, one can obtain crucial constraints on cosmological parameters, such as the value of Hubble constant, evolution of dark energy etc, independent of other probes by measuring the time delays (between the images). Lensed SNe and QSOs have their own advantages, e.g. lensed SNe are extremely rare as compared to lensed QSOs but the former have much better understood light curves with the time scale of a few months only. The ongoing and the upcoming time-domain surveys like ZTF, LSST, Roman will observe a lot of lenses of both kinds of sources. However, many will have the images spatially unresolved, with the observed lightcurve a superposition of time-delayed image fluxes. We investigate whether the unresolved sources can be recognized as lensed given only the lightcurve information and whether time delays can be extracted robustly.

In this talk, I will discuss a few such interesting techniques that can identify the unresolved lensed systems of both source kinds (SN and QSO). Most importantly, these techniques are very much generic and, hence, do not assume any particular property of the sub-classes of the sources, such as the type of SNe, the flux variability of QSOs etc. These techniques can be very useful in detecting the lensed systems in  wide-field surveys and in measuring the time delays simultaneously to improve our understanding of the cosmos.